JBLittleMaltese Reg'd

Below are some care guidelines for welcoming home your newest family member… Remember going to a new home with new people and new expectations is a stressful event for your puppy. With a little planning you can make this transition easier for both you and your puppy.

Puppy-proofing your home

First Identify hazards which include:

- Poisons (ex. rat/mice blocks, household cleaners & plants)

- Traps (ex. rat/mice)

- Stairs which puppy could fall from

- Water puppy could fall in (ex. pool, hot tub, bucket, etc…)

- Electrical (ex. wires, sockets & cords)

- Small items which could be choked on

- Runners or table cloths

Close doors and place gates to areas which are off limits and prepare a safe place to put your puppy when s/he can’t be monitored - an exercise pen works excellent!

Caring for your puppy

What you will need for your puppy:

- Crate, gates or an exercise pen

- Dishes (stainless steel or glass)

- Bed or blanket

- Collar or harness and leash

- Chew treats (bullysticks or nylabone)

- Toys (dogs see shades of blue, purple and yellow)

- Paper or puppy pads

- Litterbox bin

- Treats for rewards (freeze dried liver is a favourite)

- Brushes (see our grooming page)

- Puppy food (we provide samples of the brand your puppy is eating)

- Nutri-Cal (available in most pet stores (for prevention of hypoglycaemia)

- Canned pumpkin (100% pure not pumpkin pie filling)

- Canned dog food

The above list contains things we encourage for bringing home your new baby. We recommend feeding your puppy 1 Tsp. of 100% pure canned pumpkin (not pumpkin pie filling) during the first few days of settling into their new home as this is a natural remedy for stress related loose stools.

You should have a crate for your puppy to travel home in, this way your puppy feels secure and you know they are safe. If possible a second person to hold and monitor your puppy is recommended. (If your puppy has come by air-travel a new crate is provided) If the car ride is more than 1 hour or your puppy has been on a flight - Nutri-Cal should be given to boost blood sugar levels in the prevention of hypoglycaemia associated with stress. If the car ride is lengthy you should have bottled water and a puppy pad available for your puppy.

The occasional stop is recommended to allow your puppy to regain their balance but don’t take them outside, little puppies can get pick-up illness from places other dogs could have been which include gas stations, roadsides, etc...

Our puppies are vaccinated regularly and your new baby may already have had all puppy sets complete, however it is still important that your puppy be protected from other dogs and animals until they are settled in to your home. Maltese are very tiny puppies and can get hurt or sick from exposure to other animals vaccinated or otherwise during stressful events.

Socialization is important for your puppy however wait until they have settled into your home first, if you have other pets it is a good idea to separate them from your puppy until s/he has settled in. Once your puppy is settled in (can take a few days) you can introduce your other pets and eventually begin socialization at training centers and elsewhere.

We strongly encourage puppy training centers! Good trainers and socialization is the key to a well balanced dog.

Training your puppy:

Remember that puppies will need to eliminate after they wake up from a nap and 10 - 15 minutes after eating or drinking (water should be available at all times to your puppy) this means you need to watch them closely to see when they have to go... We start all of our puppies on litterbox training which involves a bin with paper or pads which your puppy can eliminate in - your job is cleaning the box right after your puppy goes potty. Puppies are not like cats, they will not go back into the box if it is not clean. If your puppy needs to go potty (spinning circles or sniffing ground are signs to watch for) direct them to the box, once the puppy goes potty in the box s/he gets lots of praise! Repeat this process until you don't have to direct them to the box and eventually you can start training for outside potty. Small puppies need a leader, you want to be the pack leader of your new puppy and establish this role immediately. Your puppy will be happier for it, when you are the leader a huge burden is lifted from your little puppy.